Essay on the twelfth night as a romantic comedy

Answer: William Shakespeare has written a number of romantic comedies. Twelfth Night is one of the finest comedies of the author. We know.
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Viola's brother, Sebastian, meanwhile, is quite alive and well, having been rescued during the shipwreck by a sea captain, Antonio.

But Sebastian is sad, for he believes his twin sister has drowned. The kindly Antonio gives him money to get along in Illyria but remains behind for the time being because the Illyrians think he is a pirate. He says he will meet up with Sebastian later. As the evening wears on, they become drunker and noisier. Feste sings a song that is a testament to carpe diem:. Then the self-righteous Malvolio comes a-scolding. Is there no respect of place, persons, nor time in you? Malvolio then upbraids Maria for failing to end the raucous merrymaking. Aguecheek, jealous, then challenges Cesario to a duel.

Though it does not mention Malvolio by name, he realizes it is clearly meant for him and vows to follow its instructions: to smile constantly, act surly to servants and house guests, and wear yellow stockings with crossed garters.

How is love presented in Twelfth Night Paper

Olivia thinks him mad and commits him to the care of Belch, who promptly locks Malvolio in a dark room. Antonio the sea captain now ventures onto the scene. When Antonio asks Viola for the money he gave her still believing she is Sebastian , she appears dumbfounded and says she does not know him.

Before the officers lead him away, Antonio addresses Viola as Sebastian. Viola then realizes this stranger may have seen her brother. Could Sebastian have survived the shipwreck?

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Shortly after Viola leaves, Sebastian arrives and Aguecheek—unable to tell Sebastian from his twin sister, who remains in the guise of a male—takes him for Viola Cesario and strikes him. Sebastian strikes back. Shocked, Aguecheek threatens to sue him. Sebastian then challenges him to draw his sword. Happily for Aguecheek, Olivia hears the commotion and intervenes, chasing everyone away except Sebastian. Like Aguecheek, she mistakes him for Cesario Viola.

When she invites him to her house, the glow of love evident in her eyes, Sebastian trails along. In an instant he is in love. While he is in the garden, Olivia enters with a priest and proposes to him:. Sebastian swears he will always be true to her. Poor Viola. First, the sea captain who believes she is Sebastian accuses her of ingratitude for refusing to return his purse. When Sebastian enters, he is amazed that Viola resembles him, but notes that he never had a brother.

Is he a relative? Viola tells him her father had a mole on his brow. Sebastian says his father also had such a mole. Then they realize to their great joy that they both survived the shipwreck, and the confusion ends. Meanwhile, the duke becomes aware that he has loved Viola all along. When he begs her hand, she agrees to marry him in the same ceremony that will unite Sebastian and Olivia. Sir Toby Belch and Maria also decide to tie the knot. Everyone is happy.

A Review of the William Shakespeare's Romantic Comedy "Twelfth Night"

Everyone except Malvolio. Feste sings a song to end the play. It appears that Shakespeare intended to use Malvolio to satirize the somber spirit of Puritanism during the Elizabethan era.

In fact, the characters in the play openly refer to him as a Puritan, as in this dialogue:. Olivia's servant Fabian also bemoans Malvolio as a killjoy. Bear-baiting—in which dogs attacked a bear tethered to a post—was a popular bloodsport in Shakespeare's London. Aguecheek denounces Puritanism in general when he says, "I had as lief be a Brownist as a politician" 3. A Brownist was a follower of Robert Browne , a Puritan leader. Deceit Deceit drives the plot of Twelfth Night, causing many mix-ups and much mischief before the curtain falls on the final act. Ironically, the most likable and upright character in the play, Viola, is also the chief dissembler.

She foreshadows her own deceitful behavior when she tells a ship captain,. Not long after making this observation, she decides to wear men's clothes to get a job and make her way in a man's world. When she accepts work as a page for Duke Orsino, she sets in motion a chain of events that mislead and confuse other characters. She is a good person at heart, of course, and does no serious harm to anyone. Nevertheless, she does wrong when continuing her deception and, to her credit, admits her wrongdoing--at least to herself--when she says, "Disguise, I see, thou art a wickedness" 2.

Fortunately for the play's audience and readers, her deceit sets up a delightful play with twists and turns that continue all the way into the final act. Other characters are also deceitful in one way or another as the play progresses. The duke, for example, deceives himself into believing that he loves Olivia just because she is beautiful.

We learn at the end of the play that he loved Viola all along, not only because of her beauty but also because of her appealing inner qualities. Malvolio deceives himself into believing that he is superior to others in intelligence, manners, and importance. His haughtiness prompts Maria and other servants, as well as Sir Toby Belch and Sir Andrew Aguecheek, to hatch a plot designed to expose his faults and embarrass him.

Their snare is a deceitful letter that Maria writes. In it, she imitates the handwriting of Olivia, making it appear as if Olivia herself wrote it. Sir Toby tells her to pack the letter with "as many lies as will lie in thy sheet of paper. After he finds and reads it, it leads the proud steward to believe that Olivia is in love with him and urges him to take certain actions that will enable him to win her. These actions turn Malvolio into a laughingstock and brand him as a madman.

Feste pretends to be a priest, Sir Topas, who has come to rid him of demons possessing him. Olivia, smitten with love for Cesario, uses this little deception to make sure that Cesario will visit her again to return the ring. Supplies for Teachers. Another example of dramatic irony occurs when Olivia declares her love for the disguised Viola:. However, Malvolio is more in love with himself than with Olivia. Especially delightful is the trick the threesome play on dour Malvolio—with the help of Maria—in which they convince him that Viola loves him.

Malvolio helps make the play work; he is the gray cloud that blocks the sunlight and evokes cheers when he passes. Alliteration : Repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginning of words or syllables.

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Anaphora : Repetition of a word or group of words at the beginning of a phrase, clause, or sentence. Hyperbole : A gross exaggeration. Oxymoron : Use of words side by side that are contrary or opposite in meaning. Paradox : Use of words that are contrary or opposite in meaning but not placed side by side. Simile : Comparison of unlike things using like , as , or than. Because the plot of Twelfth Night centers on the theme of love, so does much of its imagery. But, of course, as Shakespeare has demonstrated in other plays—tragedies and histories as well as comedies—it is not always easy to discover whom one truly loves, let alone woo him or her successfully.

Moreover, although love is pleasurable, it is often painfully pleasurable. Following are examples of imagery on the theme of love: The Painful Pleasure of Love. The Transparency of the Emotions. Love Poem Foreshadowing a Happy Ending. Comment: Notice that the lines are casual, like an everyday conversation, and that the line length varies considerably. For example, the first line of the passage has sixty words; the last line has four.

Comedy in William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night Essay - Words | Cram

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TWELFTH NIGHT AS A ROMANTIC COMEDY -- ENGLISH NOTES

What hooks you? Friendship, love of truth, and self love. Each character is experiencing a different type of love, and in some cases this is not their first expectation. The title of the play shows its mixed nature.